Bitter gourd, also known as bitter melon, is a tropical vegetable, which is cultivated mainly in the Asian and African countries.Bitter gourd is the English name of Momordica charantia, light green cucumber and it tastes very bitter.It is one of the healthiest vegetables known to man. It actually originated in India and eventually carried to China during the 14th century.
The Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya is known by many other names in India regional wise like –
Bitter Gourd called in Hindi : Karela
Bitter Gourd called in Kannada : hagala kayi
Bitter Gourd called in Malayalam : Pavakka-Kaipakka
Bitter Gourd called in Marathi : Karela
Bitter Gourd called in Tamil : Pavakkai
Bitter Gourd called in Telugu : Kakarakaya
Nutritional value Of Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya
Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya is a rich source of energy, Dietary Fiber, Vitamin A, Vitamin B6, Vitamin C, Vitamin E, Vitamin K, Folate, Sodium, Potassium and Calcium
The nutritional values per 100 g of Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya are:
Energy – 79 kJ
Carbohydrates – 4.32 gm
Protein – 0.84 gm
Water – 93.95 gm
Dietary fiber – 2.0 gm
Sugars – 1.95 gm
Total Fat – 0.18 gm
Saturated Fat – 0.014 gm
Monounsaturated Fat – 0.033 gm
Polyunsaturated Fat – 0.078 gm
Vitamin A equiv. – 6 µg
Thiamine – 0.051 mg
Riboflavin – 0.053 mg
Niacin – 0.280 mg
Vitamin B6 – 0.041 mg
Folate – 51 µg
Vitamin C – 33.0 mg
Vitamin E – 0.14 mg
Vitamin K – 4.8 µg
Calcium – 9 mg
Iron – 0.38 mg
Magnesium – 16 mg
Phosphorus – 36 mg
Potassium – 319 mg
Sodium – 6 mg
Zinc – 0.77 mg
Health Benefits Of Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya
1. Respiratory disorders:
Fresh Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya Pod an excellent remedy for curing respiratory problems like asthma, cold. Cough, etc.
2. Liver tonic:
Drink one glass of Bitter Melon juice daily to heal liver problems. Keep consuming this continuously for a week to see results.
3. Immune system:
Boil bitter melon leaves or fruits in water and consume it every day to fight against infections. This also helps to build your immunity.
Consuming Bitter Melon can help to get rid of acne, blemishes and deep skin infections. Bitter melon is useful in treating blood disorders like blood boils, scabies, itching, psoriasis, ring-worm and other fungal diseases. The free radicals in it are also useful for anti ageing.
Consume juice of bitter melon mixed with lemon on an empty stomach daily for 6 months or till you get the required results.
Bitter melon juice is the most common remedy to overcome type 2 diabetes. It has been a part of the chinese and Indian ancient medicine for a long time but only recent research has proven that it is no folk lore. Type 2 diabetes is caused partially due to the inability of a cell to absorb the sugar in the blood due to insufficient insulin or due development of resistance to insulin. In both cases, the cells are unable to absorb the sugar due to the ineffectiveness of insulin produced. The absorption of sugar occurs due to the activation of AMP-activated protein kinase in the cells. Bitter gourd activated these kinases due to which the absorption of sugar increases. And hence aids in bringing diabetes in control.
Green juice for diabetics: cucumbers, green apples, bitter melon, celery, ½ green capsicum (bell pepper). Bitter melon contains certain chemicals that are like insulin which help to reduce blood sugar levels.
Bitter melon helps in easy digestion as it contains fibre properties. The food is digested and waste is thrown out of the body which helps in curing indigestion and constipation problems.
7. Kidney and bladder:
Bitter melon helps to maintain healthy liver and bladder. It is also useful in curing kidney stones.
8. Heart disease:
Bitter melon is very good for the heart in many ways. They help to reduce the bad cholesterol levels which clog the arterial walls and thereby reduce the chances of heart attacks. Also it is known to lower blood sugar levels that help in maintaining good heart health.
Bitter Melon can prevent cancer cells from multiplying.
10. Weight loss:
Bitter Melon contains antioxidants, which help to flush out your system. This improves your metabolism and digestive systems thus helping you lose weight quickly.The two other major factors that aid in weight loss is the calorie control and filling components. Calorie control happens as such because vegetables are low on calories which allows you to consume more quantities of them. Filling component in this vegetable is water. We know that water is a universal suppressant of hunger. And the pods of this vegetable contain on the whole 80-85% water.
Bitter melon is believed to be a remedy against infections that are associated with retroviruses, including those viruses that can cause Human Immunodeficiency Disease (HIV). The vegetable is also believed to destroy strains of herpes virus in the body.
12. Urinary Tract Infections:
The leaf extracts from bitter melon have shown to possess antibacterial properties, against bacteria such as E.Coli that thrives in the lower intestines of mammals and human beings, and can lead to urinary tract infections and other gastrointestinal ailments.
13. Eliminate Worms from Intestinal Tract:
Bitter melon extract has found usage as an effective antihelmintic substance that works to eliminate worms from the intestinal tract.
13. Skin Problems:
The vegetable is used externally to heal skin problems, such as skin eruptions, chapped skin, burns, hemorrhoids, and psoriasis.
14. Hyper Tension:
Regular consumption of bitter gourd has been associated with prevention as well as treatment of hypertension.
Fresh juice of bitter gourd is good for patients suffering from piles.
16. Eye Care:
Bitter gourd is believed to be helpful in preventing eye complications, apart from treating neuritis.
Bitter Gourd-Kakarakaya Usage Caution
Bitter melon capsules are to be used with certain precautions, as they can cause side effects and may interact with some of the over-the-counter drugs, prescription drugs and herbal medicines.
Pregnant women should not consume bitter melon products, as they can lead to uterine contractions.
People who have a low blood sugar level should also not eat bitter melon, as it can worsen their situation by lowering the blood sugar even more.
Diabetics, who are on prescription hypoglycemic drugs or insulin, should avoid bitter melon supplements, unless the physician prescribes them.
Individuals with cirrhosis of the liver and medical history of hepatitis or HIV need to abstain from consuming this herbs.
Information provided on apnewsforum.com for educational purpose only and is not intended to serve as medical advice. Please consult your Doctor, physician or health care provider before taking any home remedies.